標題: Spatial Difference of Transit-Based Accessibility to Hospitals by Regions Using Spatially Adjusted ANOVA
作者: Chen, MJ (Chen, Meijie); Chen, YM (Chen, Yumin); Wang, XG (Wang, Xiaoguang); Tan, HY (Tan, Huangyuan); Luo, FL (Luo, Fenglan)
來源出版物: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 卷: 16 期: 11 文獻號: 1923 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16111923 出版年: JUN 1 2019
摘要: This paper proposes a spatial difference analysis method for evaluating transit-based accessibility to hospitals using spatially adjusted ANOVA. This method specializes in examining spatial variations of accessibility to hospitals by regions (i.e. administrative districts or subdistricts). The spatial lag model is applied to adjust traditional ANOVA, which reduces spatial dependency and avoids false rejection to null hypothesis. Multiple comparison methods are used for further detection of differences in accessibility between regions. After multiple comparison, accessibility within regions is classified into three levels. The study is conducted on two scalesadministrative districts and subdistrictsto discuss spatial variations in macro and micro dimensions respectively in the central part of Wuhan, China. Accessibility is calculated by using a simple model and a gravity model. The final classification results showed that the spatially adjusted method is more reliable than the traditional non spatially adjusted one and the gravity model can better detect more hidden information about the inequal distribution of medical resources. It is also found that the subdistricts, which have significantly lower accessibility to hospitals than others, are mainly distributed in Hongshan and Qingshan district. Our study hopes to shed new lights in spatial difference analysis for accessibility and provide policy recommendations that would promote equality in provisions of public health services.
作者關鍵詞: ANOVA; Spatial difference; spatial lag model; accessibility
地址: [Chen, Meijie; Chen, Yumin; Tan, Huangyuan; Luo, Fenglan] Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
[Wang, Xiaoguang] Cent Michigan Univ, Dept Geog, 287 Dow Sci Complex, Mt Pleasant, MI 48859 USA.
通訊作者地址: Chen, YM (通訊作者)，Wuhan Univ, Sch Resource & Environm Sci, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, Peoples R China.
電子郵件地址: Chen_meijie@whu.edu.cn; firstname.lastname@example.org; Wang9x@cmich.edu; email@example.com; FengLan_Luo@whu.edu.cn
版權所有 ? 武漢大學資源與環境科學學院